Jonathan Buhari hug_510x350Nigeria’s President-Elect, General Muhammadu Buhari has commended President Goodluck Jonathan for his show of statesmanship in conceding defeat after the March 28 Presidential Election.

Highlights

  • General Buhari says the outcome of the election is a victory for Nigeria’s democracy
  • He says this is no time for confrontation
  • Buhari is set to work with Vice-President in waiting, Professor Yemi Osinbajo

 

Details

General Buhari gave the commendation in Abuja shortly after he was declared winner by the Chairman of the Independent National Electoral Commission, INEC following his victory at the polls.

He described the outcome of the election as a victory for Nigeria’s democracy noting that the successful conduct of the election has placed Nigeria in the league of nations that use the ballot to effect change.

“I thank all Nigerians who have made this day possible, our country has now joined the community of nations that have used the ballot box to physically change an incumbent president in a free, fair election”

The President-Elect urged his supporters to be calm and behave in an orderly manner:

“Most people will welcome the result because it is the one they voted for. Others will naturally be disappointed. I ask that we all be circumspect, respectful and peaceful in these times. This was a hard- fought contest. Emotions are high. We must not allow them to get the better of us. This is not the time for confrontation. This is a moment that we must begin to heal the wounds and work toward a better future. We do this first by extending a hand of friendship and conciliation across the political divide. We hope and pray our friends in other parties reciprocate.”

General Buhari appreciated his party, the media, civil society, and security agents for their selfless service towards the consolidation of the nation’s democracy.

Profile 

Muhammadu Buhari, was born on 17 December 1942 in Daura local government area of Katsina state, as the 23rd child of his parents.

Gen. GMBA retired Major General in the Nigerian Army, Buhari was Head of State of Nigeria from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d’état.

He married his first wife, Safinatu in 1971 (First lady of Nigeria December 1983-August 1985) and they had five children together; four girls and a boy.

In 1988, Buhari and his first wife Safinatu were divorced but in 1989, he married his second and current wife Aisha. They also have five children together, a boy and four girls.

On 14 January 2006, his first wife, Safinatu Buhari died from complications of diabetes.

In November 2012, Buhari’s first daughter, Zulaihat died from sickle cell anaemia, two days after having a baby at a hospital in Kaduna.

Early Career

Buhari joined the Nigerian Army in 1961, when he attended the Nigerian Military Training College, later renamed the Nigerian Defence Academy, (NDA)) in Kaduna.

From 1962-1963, he underwent Officer Cadets training at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot, England (Mons OCS was officially closed down in 1972).

In January 1963, Buhari was commissioned as Second Lieutenant and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria.

Since his commissioning, Buhari attained several positions and attended several courses in the Nigerian Army, including a certificate in Strategic Studies from the United States Army War College (USAWC).

Governor of North-eastern State
In August 1975, Buhari was appointed as Governor of the North-eastern State, to oversee social, economic and political improvements in the state.

In March 1976, Buhari was appointed by the then Head of State, General Olusegun Obasanjo, as the Federal Commissioner (position now called Minister) for Petroleum and Natural Resources. When the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was created in 1976, Buhari was also appointed as its Chairman, a position he held until 1978.

In 1983, when Chadian forces invaded Nigeria’s North-eastern state of Borno, Buhari used the forces under his command to chase them out of the country and back into Chad.

Head of State 1983-85
In order to reform the economy as Head of State, Buhari started to rebuild the nation’s socio-political and economic systems by cutting back the excesses in national expenditure, obliterating or removing completely corruption from the nation’s social ethics, shifting from mainly public sector employment to self-employment.

Buhari encouraged import substitution with industrialisation, based to a great extent on the use of local materials and tightened the reins on importation.

Other economic measures by Buhari took the form of counter trade, currency change, price reduction of goods and services.

Buhari’s foreign policy focused on Africa, mostly Nigeria’s neighbours, due to financial commitments. In January 1984, in his New Year broadcast speech, Buhari stated that he would maintain and enhance diplomatic relations with all countries and international organisations such as the OAU, UN, OPEC, ECOWAS and the Commonwealth of Nations. He also stated that he would honour all treaty obligations entered into by previous governments, which he did.

In August 1985, Major General Buhari was overthrown in a coup led by General Ibrahim Babangida and other members of the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC) and was then detained in Benin city until 1988.

During the regime of General Sani Abacha, Buhari served as the Chairman of the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), a body created by the government and funded from the revenue generated from the increase in prices of petroleum products, to pursue development projects around the country.

Political Career

Buhari contested under the banner of ANPP and CPC political parties in the 2003, 2007 and 2011 Presidential elections in Nigeria but was defeated.

Security Challenges
In July 2014, Buhari escaped a bomb attack on his life by suspected Boko Haram terrorists in Kaduna; 82 people were killed.

In December 2014, Buhari pledged to enhance security in Nigeria if he won the general elections on 14 February 2015, which were later rescheduled for 28 March 2015. He made internal security and wiping out the insurgent group, one of the key pillars of his campaigns.

Awards
Major-General Buhari (Rtd.) has received several awards and medals. They include:

  • Congo Medal (CM)
  • Defense Service Medal (DSM)
  • Forces Service Star (FSS)
  • General Service Medal (GSM)
  • Global Seal of Integrity (GSOI)
  • Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (GCFR)
  • Loyal Service and Good Conduct Medal (LSGCM)
  • National Service Medal (NSM)

General Buhari is set to work with an equally formidable Vice President:Buhari and Osinbajo

Professor Oluyemi Oluleke Osinbajo

Born on March 8 1957 in Lagos, Professor Oluyemi Oluleke Osinbajo is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN) and Senior Partner in the Law firm Simmons Cooper Partners. A Professor of Law, he was the Head of Department of Public Law at the University of Lagos from 1997 to 1999. Regarded as one of the finest advocates in Nigeria, he studied at the University of Lagos, Nigeria (LLB, 1978) and the London School of Economics (LLM, 1980).

With over 31 years of litigation experience, he served as the Special Adviser to the Attorney General of Nigeria (1988-1992). Later, he became the Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice of Lagos State in 1999 and was re-appointed for a second term in 2003. During the period of his public service, he commenced the Lagos State justice reform project.

A prominent feature of that project was the establishment of the Directorate for Citizens’ Rights (DCR), which provides free legal services and legal representation to indigent citizens of the state. This initiative gave a voice to many who would otherwise not have a way to access their rights.

As Attorney General, Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is credited with undertaking far-reaching significant judicial reforms in Lagos State, addressing critical areas as judges’ recruitment, remuneration, training and discipline.

In addition, he addressed access to justice for the poor by establishing appropriate institutions in the Office of the Public Defender (OPD) and the Citizens Mediation Centre (CMC).

In honour of his contributions to legal reform and the development of law in Nigeria, a compendium of essays on Nigerian constitutional law was compiled. The authors of these essays were senior lawyers and law professors with a foreword provided by a past Chief Justice of Nigeria.

Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is also the Ethics Adviser to the Advisory Board of the African Development Bank and a non-executive Director of Citibank. He has served in various roles within the United Nations, United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations, United Nations African Institute for Crime Prevention, the International Criminal Court for Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the United Nations Peace Operations in Somalia.

Prof. Osinbajo is Co-founder & Board Member of the Convention on Business Integrity and the Justice Research Institute Ltd.

He has authored, co-authored and edited several books and publications including: “The Unification and Reform of the Nigerian Criminal Law and Procedure Codes” ; “Law Development and Administration”; “The Annotated Civil Procedure rules of The Superior Courts in Nigeria”; and “Cross Examination: A Trial Lawyer’s Most Potent Weapon.”

He is a member of the International Bar Association and the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and has served in the Nigerian Body of Benchers and the Council for Legal Education of Nigeria.

Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo speaks frequently at several commercial litigation events locally and internationally and is actively involved in the pursuit of legal education reform in Nigeria.

Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is also a spiritual leader, dedicated to the promotion of ethics and orderliness. He is married to Oludolapo Osinbajo, (grandchild of Obafemi Awolowo) and together they have three children.

 

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