General Muhammadu Buhari has been sworn in as the President and Commander in Chief of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Professor Yemi Osinbajo was also sworn in as the Vice President of the country.
- Buhari took the oath of office at the Eagle Square Abuja at about 10.50 am, local time
- Some 50 Heads of State and Government including a delegation from the United States, led by Secretary of State, John Kerry witnessed the event
- Former President, Dr Goodluck Jonathan had at the Presidential Inauguration Dinner at the State House in Abuja on Thursday charged General Buhari to focus on policies and programmes that would enhance unity, peace and development in the country.
General Muhammadu Buhari and his deputy, Professor Yemi Osinbajo, were sworn in by the Chief justice of the Federation Muhammed Mahmud who administered the oath of office at the Eagle Square at about 10.50 am, local time.
“I do solemnly swear/affirm that I will be faithful and bear true allegiance to the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, I will discharge my duties to the best of my ability, faithfully and in accordance with the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the law, and always in the interest of the sovereignty, integrity, solidarity, well-being and prosperity of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will strive to preserve the Fundamental Objectives and Directive Principles of State Policy contained in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will not allow my personal interest to influence my official conduct or my official decisions; that I will to the best of my ability preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that I will abide by the Code of Conduct contained in the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria; that in all circumstances, I will do right to all manner of people, according to law, without fear or favour, affection or ill-will; that I will not directly or indirectly communicate or reveal to any person any matter which shall be brought under my consideration or shall become known to me as President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, except as may be required for the due discharge of my duties as President; and that I will devote myself to the service and well-being of the people of Nigeria. So help me God.”
The event which commenced at 9 am (local time) was graced by over 50 Heads of State and Government including a delegation from the United States, led by Secretary of State, John Kerry.
British foreign secretary Philip Hammond and French foreign minister Laurent Fabius were also at the event.
Presidents from African nations including; Jacob Zuma of South Africa, Theodore Nguema of Equatorial Guinea, John Mahama of Ghana, Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya and Robert Mugabe of Zimbabwe witnessed the ceremony.
Also in attendance were Past Nigerian leaders, Olusegun Obasanjo, Shehu Shagari, Abdulsalam Abubakar, Earnest Shonekan, Yakubu Gowon.
All Progressives Congress, APC Chieftain, Bola Tinubu and APC Chairman, John Oyegun as well as former Vice President, Atiku Abubakar were present at the inauguration ceremony.
Roads were closed around the Eagle Square inauguration venue, where dozens of international flags have been hoisted alongside the Nigerian green and white triband and soldiers patrolled.
The venue was surrounded by barbed wire and giant posters of Buhari had been hung, alongside vice-president-elect Osinbajo, as workers rolled out red carpets and arranged flowers.
Former President, Goodluck Jonathan had at the Presidential Inauguration Dinner at the State House in Abuja on Thursday charged General Buhari to focus on policies and programmes that would enhance unity, peace and development in the country.
He thanked Nigerians for the opportunity, support and cooperation given to him and urged them to extend same to the new government.
About General Buhari
Muhammadu Buhari was born on 17 December, 1942 in Daura local government area of Katsina state, as the 23rd child of his parents.
A retired Major General in the Nigerian Army, Buhari was Head of State of Nigeria from 31 December 1983 to 27 August 1985, after taking power in a military coup d’état.
He married his first wife, Safinatu in 1971 (First lady of Nigeria December 1983-August 1985) and they had five children together; four girls and a boy.
In 1988, Buhari and his first wife Safinatu were divorced but in 1989, he married his second and current wife Aisha. They also have five children together, a boy and four girls.
On 14 January 2006, his first wife, Safinatu Buhari died from complications of diabetes.
In November 2012, Buhari’s first daughter, Zulaihat died from sickle cell anaemia, two days after having a baby at a hospital in Kaduna.
Buhari joined the Nigerian Army in 1961, when he attended the Nigerian Military Training College, later renamed the Nigerian Defence Academy, (NDA)) in Kaduna.
From 1962-1963, he underwent Officer Cadets training at Mons Officer Cadet School in Aldershot, England (Mons OCS was officially closed down in 1972).
In January 1963, Buhari was commissioned as Second Lieutenant and appointed Platoon Commander of the Second Infantry Battalion in Abeokuta, Nigeria.
Since his commissioning, Buhari attained several positions and attended several courses in the Nigerian Army, including a certificate in Strategic Studies from the United States Army War College (USAWC).
Governor of North-eastern State
In August 1975, Buhari was appointed as Governor of the North-eastern State, to oversee social, economic and political improvements in the state.
In March 1976, Buhari was appointed by the then Head of State, General Olusegun Obasanjo, as the Federal Commissioner (position now called Minister) for Petroleum and Natural Resources. When the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation was created in 1976, Buhari was also appointed as its Chairman, a position he held until 1978.
In 1983, when Chadian forces invaded Nigeria’s North-eastern state of Borno, Buhari used the forces under his command to chase them out of the country and back into Chad.
Head of State 1983-85
In order to reform the economy as Head of State, Buhari started to rebuild the nation’s socio-political and economic systems by cutting back the excesses in national expenditure, obliterating or removing completely corruption from the nation’s social ethics, shifting from mainly public sector employment to self-employment.
Buhari encouraged import substitution with industrialisation, based to a great extent on the use of local materials and tightened the reins on importation.
Other economic measures by Buhari took the form of counter trade, currency change, price reduction of goods and services.
Buhari’s foreign policy focused on Africa, mostly Nigeria’s neighbours, due to financial commitments. In January 1984, in his New Year broadcast speech, Buhari stated that he would maintain and enhance diplomatic relations with all countries and international organisations such as the OAU, UN, OPEC, ECOWAS and the Commonwealth of Nations. He also stated that he would honour all treaty obligations entered into by previous governments, which he did.
In August 1985, Major General Buhari was overthrown in a coup led by General Ibrahim Babangida and other members of the ruling Supreme Military Council (SMC) and was then detained in Benin city until 1988.
During the regime of General Sani Abacha, Buhari served as the Chairman of the Petroleum Trust Fund (PTF), a body created by the government and funded from the revenue generated from the increase in prices of petroleum products, to pursue development projects around the country.
Buhari contested under the banner of ANPP and CPC political parties in the 2003, 2007 and 2011 Presidential elections in Nigeria but was defeated.
In July 2014, Buhari escaped a bomb attack on his life by suspected Boko Haram terrorists in Kaduna; 82 people were killed.
In December 2014, Buhari pledged to enhance security in Nigeria if he won the general elections on 14 February 2015, which were later rescheduled for 28 March 2015. He made internal security and wiping out the insurgent group, one of the key pillars of his campaigns.
General Buhari beat incumbent president Goodluck Jonathan by more than 2.5 million votes, final results showed.
Major-General Buhari (Rtd.) has received several awards and medals. They include:
- Congo Medal (CM)
- Defense Service Medal (DSM)
- Forces Service Star (FSS)
- General Service Medal (GSM)
- Global Seal of Integrity (GSOI)
- Grand Commander of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (GCFR)
- Loyal Service and Good Conduct Medal (LSGCM)
- National Service Medal (NSM)
General Buhari is set to work with an equally formidable Vice President:
Professor Oluyemi Oluleke Osinbajo
Born on March 8 1957 in Lagos, Professor Oluyemi Oluleke Osinbajo is a Senior Advocate of Nigeria (SAN) and Senior Partner in the Law firm Simmons Cooper Partners. A Professor of Law, he was the Head of Department of Public Law at the University of Lagos from 1997 to 1999. Regarded as one of the finest advocates in Nigeria, he studied at the University of Lagos, Nigeria (LLB, 1978) and the London School of Economics (LLM, 1980).
With over 31 years of litigation experience, he served as the Special Adviser to the Attorney General of Nigeria (1988-1992). Later, he became the Attorney General and Commissioner for Justice of Lagos State in 1999 and was re-appointed for a second term in 2003. During the period of his public service, he commenced the Lagos State justice reform project.
A prominent feature of that project was the establishment of the Directorate for Citizens’ Rights (DCR), which provides free legal services and legal representation to indigent citizens of the state. This initiative gave a voice to many who would otherwise not have a way to access their rights.
As Attorney General, Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is credited with undertaking far-reaching significant judicial reforms in Lagos State, addressing critical areas as judges’ recruitment, remuneration, training and discipline.
In addition, he addressed access to justice for the poor by establishing appropriate institutions in the Office of the Public Defender (OPD) and the Citizens Mediation Centre (CMC).
In honour of his contributions to legal reform and the development of law in Nigeria, a compendium of essays on Nigerian constitutional law was compiled. The authors of these essays were senior lawyers and law professors with a foreword provided by a past Chief Justice of Nigeria.
Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is also the Ethics Adviser to the Advisory Board of the African Development Bank and a non-executive Director of Citibank. He has served in various roles within the United Nations, United Nations Centre on Transnational Corporations, United Nations African Institute for Crime Prevention, the International Criminal Court for Rwanda in Arusha, Tanzania, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the United Nations Peace Operations in Somalia.
Prof. Osinbajo is Co-founder & Board Member of the Convention on Business Integrity and the Justice Research Institute Ltd.
He has authored, co-authored and edited several books and publications including: “The Unification and Reform of the Nigerian Criminal Law and Procedure Codes” ; “Law Development and Administration”; “The Annotated Civil Procedure rules of The Superior Courts in Nigeria”; and “Cross Examination: A Trial Lawyer’s Most Potent Weapon.”
He is a member of the International Bar Association and the British Institute of International and Comparative Law and has served in the Nigerian Body of Benchers and the Council for Legal Education of Nigeria.
Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo speaks frequently at several commercial litigation events locally and internationally and is actively involved in the pursuit of legal education reform in Nigeria.
Prof. ‘Yemi Osinbajo is also a spiritual leader, dedicated to the promotion of ethics and orderliness. He is married to Oludolapo Osinbajo, (grandchild of Obafemi Awolowo) and together they have three children.